- state [stāt]n.[ME < OFr & L: OFr estat < L status, state, position, standing < pp. of stare, to STAND]1. a set of circumstances or attributes characterizing a person or thing at a given time; way or form of being; condition [a state of poverty]2. a particular mental or emotional condition [a state of bliss]3. condition as regards physical structure, constitution, internal form, stage or phase of existence, etc. [liquid state]4.a) condition or position in life; social status, rank, or degreeb) high rank or positionc) the style of living characteristic of people having high rank and wealth; rich, imposing, ceremonious display [drove up in state]5. [sometimes S-]a) the power or authority represented by a body of people politically organized under one government, esp. an independent government, within a territory or territories having definite boundariesb) such a body of people; body politic☆ 6. [often S-] any of the territorial and political units that together constitute a federal government, as in the U.S.☆ 7. the territory of a STATE (senses 5b & 6)8. the political organization constituting the basis of civil government [church and state]9. the sphere of highest governmental authority and administration [matters of state]10. [S-] foreign policy: see SECRETARY OF STATE (sense 1), STATE DEPARTMENTadj.1. of, for, or characteristic of occasions of great ceremony; formal; ceremonial2. [sometimes S-] of or controlled, maintained, etc. by the government or a statevt.stated, stating1. to fix or establish by specifying [at the stated hour]2.a) to set forth in words, esp. in a specific, definite, or formal way [to state one's objectives]b) to express or present in a nonverbal way [to state a musical theme in the first three measures]——————in a state or into a stateInformal in (or into) a condition of agitation or excitement——————lie in stateto be displayed formally to the public before burial——————the Statesthe United Statesstatableadj.SYN.- STATE and CONDITION both refer to the set of circumstances surrounding or characterizing a person or thing at a given time [what is his mental state, or condition?], but CONDITION more strongly implies some relationship to causes or circumstances which may be temporary [his condition will not permit him to travel ]; SITUATION implies a significant interrelationship of the circumstances, and connection between these and the person involved [to be in a difficult situation]; STATUS, basically a legal term, refers to one's state as determined by such arbitrary factors as age, sex, training, mentality, service, etc. [his status as a veteran exempts him ]
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.